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WHMIS: The Basics

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WHMISThe Basics About WorkSafeBCWorkSafeBC (the Workers Compensation Board) is an independent provincial statutory agency governed by a Board of Directors. It is funded by insurance premiums paid by registered employers and by investment returns. In administering the Workers Compensation Act, Work Sa feBC rema i n s separate and distinct from government; however, it is accountable to the public through government in its role of protecting and maintaining the overall well-being of the workers compensation was born out of a compromise between BC s workers and employers in 1917 where workers gave up the right to sue their employers or fellow workers for injuries on the job in return for a no-fault insurance program fully paid for by employers. WorkSafeBC is committed to a safe and healthy workplace, and to providing return-to-work rehabilitation and legislated compensation benefits to workers injured as a result of their employment. WorkSafeBC Prevention Information LineThe WorkSafeBC Prevention Information Line can answer your questions about workplace health and safety, worker and employer responsibilities, and reporting a workplace accident or incident. The Prevention Information Line accepts anonymous 604 276-3100 in the Lower Mainland, or call 1 888 621-7233 (621-SAFE) toll-free in British report after-hours and weekend accidents and emergencies, call 604 273-7711 in the Lower Mainland, or call 1 866 922-4357 (WCB-HELP) toll-free in British BasicsWorkSafeBC publicationsMany publications are available on the WorkSafeBC web site. The Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and associated policies and guidelines, as well as excerpts and summaries of the Workers Compensation Act, are also available on the web site: < >Some publications are also available for purchase in print:Phone: 604 232-9704Toll-free phone: 1 866 319-9704Fax: 604 232-9703Toll-free fax: 1 888 232-9714Online ordering: < > and click on Publications; follow the links for ordering 2005 Workers Compensation Board of British Columbia. All rights reserved. The Workers Compensation Board of encourages the copying, reproduction, and distribution of this document to promote health and safety in the workplace, provided that the Workers Compensation Board of is acknowledged. However, no part of this publication may be copied, reproduced, or distributed for profit or other commercial enterprise, nor may any part be incorporated into any other publication, without written permission of the Workers Compensation Board of editionLibrary and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication DataMain entry under title:WHMIS, the basics. -- 2005 -Irregular. Worksafe BC. ISSN 1715-5940 = WHMIS, the basics1. Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (Canada). 2. Hazardous substances - Labeling - Canada. 3. Hazardous substances - Canada - Safety measures. 4. Hazardous substances - Law and legislation - Canada. I. Workers Compensation Board of British Columbia. II. Title: Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System, the 7 0971 C2005-960192-2WHMIS: The Basics- v - ContentsWHMIS the Basics ........................................ ...........1Overview of WHMIS ........................................ ........2Hazardous Materials ........................................ ..................................... 3Legislation ........................................ ........................................ ............... 3WHMIS Elements. ........................................ ........................................ . 4Key WHMIS Participants ........................................ .............................. 5Classification ........................................ .................6Classes and Symbols ........................................ .................................... 6Exemptions ........................................ ........................................ ...........11Labels ........................................ ............................ 13WHMIS Labels ........................................ ........................................ ..... 13Supplier Label ........................................ ........................................ ......14Acceptable Format for the Supplier Label ........................................ 15Workplace Labels ........................................ ........................................ . 17Other Means of Identification ........................................ .................... 18Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) ..................... 19MSDS Information ........................................ ....................................... 199-Section MSDS Sample Format ........................................ ........... 21Trade secrets ........................................ ........................................ ......... 25WHMIS Implementation ........................................ 26WHMIS Program ........................................ ........................................ . 26Education and Training ........................................ .............................. 27Exercises ........................................ ......................29Classification Exercise ........................................ ................................. 30Label Exercise ........................................ ........................................ ....... 31MSDS Exercise ........................................ ........................................ ..... 33Answer Keys ........................................ .................35Classification Exercise 36Label Exercise Answers ........................................ .............................. 37MSDS Exercise Answers ........................................ ............................ 38Appendix ........................................ .......................39Information Items on a Supplier Label ........................................ ..... 39WHMIS: The Basics- 1 -WHMIS The BasicsThis booklet will explain the basics of Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS), including:Overview background to WHMIS development, key elements, and key participantsClassification hazard classes and symbols; exempt productsLabels supplier labels, workplace labels, and other identifiersMaterial Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) use, content, format, example, and trade secretsEducation/Implementation WHMIS Program; education and trainingThe overall purpose of WHMIS is to help ensure a safer, healthier workplace. Your knowledge about the workplace is your biggest asset in successfully understanding and benefiting from who are successfully educated and trained in WHMIS should be able to answer these four questions:What are the hazards associated with controlled products? (For example, How can it hurt me?)How do I protect myself? (For example, What should I wear?)What should I do in an emergency? (For example, What do I do if I spill it?)Where do I get more information? By understanding the information in this book, you will learn where to look on the label of a controlled product, where to look on a Material Safety Data Sheet, and what to discuss with your supervisor. WHMIS: The Basics- 2 -The Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) provides information about many hazardous materials used in the workplace. WHMIS calls these hazardous materials controlled products. Under WHMIS, workers have the right to receive information about each controlled product they use its identity, hazards, and safety precautions. The goal of WHMIS is to reduce injury and disease by communicating specific health and safety information about controlled products so that the information can be used to reduce exposure to hazardous of WHMISWHMIS WORKPLACE deals only with products used in the workplace HAZARDOUS MATER I ALS dangerous products that may cause fires, explosions, or health problems INFORMATION SYSTEM provides information about hazardous materialsWHMIS: The Basics- 3 -Hazardous MaterialsExposure to hazardous materials can result in health problems such as irritation of the eyes, sensitization of the skin or lungs, heart ailments, kidney and lung damage or cancer. Hazardous materials can cause fires, explosions, or other accidents when improperly stored or Legislation (Hazardous Products Act and Controlled Products Regulations) deals with importation and sale of controlled products. The Hazardous Materials Information Review Act established a commission to review claims for trade Legislation (Occupational Health and Safety Regulation) covers the use of hazardous materials in the Nationwide system implemented at the federal and provincial levels in 1988 Recognizing the interests of all concerned government (regulators) industry (suppliers) owners (employers) labour (workers) Three key elements labels material safety data sheets (MSDS) worker education and trainingWHMIS: The Basics- 4 -WHMIS ElementsWHMIS controlled products are classified by their hazard. There are six hazard classes and eight hazard symbols that identify the specific hazards. (There are three symbols in Class D.) The eight hazard symbols identify the specific hazards of controlled products. After a controlled product has been classified, the following three WHMIS elements are used to communicate health and safety information:WHMIS labels: Labels on controlled products alert workers to the identity of the product, hazards, and precautionary Safety Data Sheets (MSDS): Technical bulletins provide detailed hazard and precautionary education and training programs: The employer provides education and training for workers so that they can work safely with and near controlled products. Workers need to know how WHMIS works, the hazards of controlled products in their workplace, and the safe work procedures they must follow. 3 BASIC ELEMENTS OF WHMIS Labels Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Education and TrainingWHMIS: The Basics- 5 -Key WHMIS ParticipantsThe key WHMIS participants are suppliers, employers, and workers all have specific SUPPLIERS classify all controlled products supply proper labels and MSDS keep information on labels and MSDS current EMPLOYERS educate and train workers provide safe work procedures ensure availability of proper up-to-date labels and MSDS WORKERS understand content and significance of labels and MSDS follow safe work procedures notify employers about problems with labels and MSDSWHMIS: The Basics- 6 -Classification determines if a product falls within one or more of the hazard classes. Suppliers classify controlled products and apply hazard and SymbolsWHMIS covers six classes of controlled products, that are lettered A through F. Eight hazard symbols are used to depict the specific hazards within these different classes. (Class D contains three hazard symbols.) Note: the products, substances, and materials listed in each of the following graphics are examples a pressurized container is punctured because it is dropped or exposed to excessive heat, the exploding fragments or rocket-like projectiles present a serious physical hazard. Examples include chlorine contained in a pressurized cylinder and used as a disinfectant at swimming pools, and oxygen used in oxyacetylene ACOMPRESSED GASES Products under pressure butane, propane, acetylene, and fire extinguishersClassificationWHMIS: The Basics- 7 -HazardsThese materials can pose a danger of fire and explosion. Flammables are more dangerous than combustibles because they ignite more easily. During use, they must be kept away from ignition sources such as sparks or open flames. When not in use, they must be stored in fire-resistant cabinets or other specified storage areas. HazardsOxidizing materials greatly increase the risk of fire if they come in contact with materials that can burn. They should never be stored near flammable or combustible materials. CLASS BFLAMMABLE/COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS Substances capable of catching fire acetone, isopropyl alcohol, stoddart solventCLASS COXIDIZERS Products causing/contributing to the combustion of other materials hydrogen peroxide, potassium nitrate, sodium chlorateWHMIS: The Basics- 8 -HazardsMaterials causing death or immediate injury. Examples include highly toxic sodium cyanide, used in the electroplating industry, which can be absorbed through the skin. The toxic gas, hydrogen sulphide, used in laboratories and present in petroleum and pulp and paper industries, can cause death when inhaled. HazardsPoisonous and infectious materials causing immediate skin or eye irritation or long-term health problems, such as skin/lung allergic response, birth defects, cancer, reproductive problems, or impairment of body organs and systems. D1 Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effect arsenic, methylene chloride, formaldehydeD2 Materials causing other toxic effect - immediate skin or eye irritation - chronic health effects on body organs, cardiovascular or nervous system carcinogens (asbestos, crystalline silica, benzene) sensitizers (methyl methacrylate) embroyotoxin (xylene)Class D: Poisonous and Infectious MaterialsWHMIS: The Basics- 9 -HazardsMicroorganisms (includes viruses, bacteria, fungi) causing disease in persons and animals. They may be present in cultures. Products containing biohazardous infectious materials may be found in laboratory and research facilities associated with the medical or agricultural sectors. HazardsCorrosive materials include caustics such as lye and acids. They can cause permanent damage ( , burns) to skin and eyes. D3 Biohazardous infectious materials - harmful microorganisms Classified as Risk Groups II, III, or IV as defined by the Medical Research Council of Canada Includes commercial cultures containing infectious organisms such as HIV, Ebola, and Hepatitis BCLASS ECORROSIVE MATERIALS Materials such as caustics or acids causing burns to skin or eyes sodium hydroxide, bleach, hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acidWHMIS: The Basics- 10 -HazardsThis class includes products that can undergo vigorous polymerization reaction on their own, or become self-reactive when exposed to shock or to increase in pressure or temperature. It also includes products that react vigorously with water to release a toxic FDANGEROUSLY REACTIVE MATERIALS Products that can undergo dangerous reaction if subject to heat, light, pressure, shock, water, air hydrogen cyanide, benzoyl peroxide, chlorine dioxideWHMIS: The Basics- 11 -ExemptionsPartially ExemptSome products are already covered by other labelling legislation and do not require WHMIS labels and MSDSs. However, Provincial legislation requires employers to educate and train workers about the hazards of partially exempt products and in safe work procedures, and to use workplace EXEMPTNo WHMIS Supplier Label and MSDS RequiredEDUCATION & TRAINING AND WORKPLACE LABELS REQUIRED SOME CONSUMER RADIOACTIVEPRODUCTS SUBSTANCES COSMETICS PESTICIDES FOOD AND DRUGS EXPLOSIVES MEDICAL DEVICESWHMIS: The Basics- 12 -Completely ExcludedSome products are completely excluded from both Federal and Provincial WHMIS requirements. However, workers must be advised of hazards and trained in safe handling procedures, as required under other provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety EXCLUDEDNone of the WHMIS Requirements ApplyOH&S REGULATION APPLIES WOOD AND PRODUCTS TOBACCO ANDMADE OF WOOD TOBACCO PRODUCTS MANUFACTURED HAZARDOUSARTICLES WASTES GOODS HANDLED UNDER TDG hazardous materials in transportWHMIS: The Basics- 13 -WHMIS LabelsThe purpose of labels is to alert workers to the main hazards of controlled products and provide instructions for safe handling, and to direct workers to the MSDS for more two types of WHMIS labels are the supplier label and the workplace label. Other means of identification may be used where appropriate (such as warning signs, colour codes, placards).LabelsWHMIS LABELS All WHMIS controlled products must be labelled There are 2 types of WHMIS Labels Supplier Labels Workplace Labels Other means of identification placards, warning signs, colour codes Labels alert workers to hazards and safe handling instructionsWHMIS: The Basics- 14 -Supplier LabelSuppliers must provide supplier labels on containers of all controlled products sold or imported for use in the labels will show seven types of information within the WHMIS hatched borders. The written information must be shown in both English and label must stand out from the container itself and other markings on the container (for example, the size of the label should be appropriate for the size of the container). SUPPLIER LABEL Contains the following: Product name First aid measures Hazard symbols Supplier identifier Risk phrases Reference to MSDS Precautionary measures All information must be disclosed in English and French within a hatched borderWHMIS: The Basics- 15 -Acceptable Format for the Supplier LabelPRODUCT IDENTIFIERIDENTIFICATEUR DU PRODUITRISK PHRASE(S)MENTION(S)DE RISQUESSUPPLIER IDENTIFIERIDENTIFICATEUR DU FOURNISSEURPRECAUTIONARY STATEMENT(S) MESURE(S) DEPR VENTIONFIRST-AID MEASURES SEE MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET VOIR LA FICHE SIGNAL TIQUEMESURES DE SECOURS D URGENCE[1] Product Identifier Identificateur du Produit[3] Risk Phrases Mention(s) de Risques[5] First Aid Measures Premiers Soins[7] Reference to the MSDS Renvoi la Fiche Signal tique[2] Hazard Symbol(s) Symbole de Danger[4] Precautionary Statement(s) Mesure(s) de Pr vention[6] Supplier Identifier Identification du FournisseurWHMIS: The Basics- 16 -Supplier Label ExampleDANGER! EXTREMELYFLAMMABLE. IRRITATES : Keepaway from heat, sparks,and flames. Groundcontainers when breathing vapours ormists. Avoid eye contact. Avoid prolongedor repeated contact with skin. Wearsplash-proof safety goggles or faceshieldand butyl rubber gloves. If acetone ispresent in concentrations greater than250 ppm, wear a NIOSH-approvedrespirator with an organic vapourcartridge. Use with adequate ventilation,especially in enclosed areas. Store in acool, well-ventilated area, away AID: In case of contact with eyes,immediately flush eyes with lots of runningwater for 15 minutes, lifting the upper andlower eyelids occasionally. Get medicalattention immediately. In case of contactwith skin, immediately wash skin with lotsof soap and water. Remove contaminatedclothing and shoes. Get medical attentionif irritation persists after washing. Washclothing before reuse. If inhaled, removesubject to fresh air. Give artificialrespiration if not breathing. Get medicalattention immediately. If swallowed,contact the Poison Control Centre. Getmedical attention immediately. Do not giveanything by mouth to an unconscious orconvulsing ! THIS CONTAINER ISHAZARDOUS WHEN EMPTY. ALLLABELLED HAZARD PRECAUTIONSMUST BE ! EXTR MEMENTINFLAMMABLE. IRRITE LES DE PR VENTION:Tenir l cart de la chaleur, des tincelles et des les r cipients la terrelors du transvasement. viter derespirer les vapeurs ou lesbrumes. viter le contact avec les yeux. viter lecontact prolong ou r p t avec la peau. Porterdes lunettes contre les claboussures deproduit chimique ou une visi re de protection, etdes gants en caoutchouc butyle. Si l ac tone estpr sent en concentration de plus de 250 pourun million, porter un respirateur muni d unecartouche vapeur organique approuv parNIOSH. Utiliser avec suffisamment de ventilationsurtout dans les endroits clos. Entreposer dansun endroit frais, bien a r , l cart des SOINS: En cas de contact avec lesyeux, rincer imm diatement et copieusementavec de l eau courante pendant 15 minutes ensoulevant les paupi res inf rieures etsup rieures de temps en temps. Obtenir dessoins m dicaux imm diatement. En cas decontact avec la peau, laver imm diatement laregion affect e avec beaucoup d eau et desavon. Retirer les v tements et les chaussurescontamin es. Si l irritation persiste apr s lelavage, obtenir des soins m dicaux. Laver lesv tements avant de les r utiliser. En casd inhalation, transporter la victime l air frais. Encas d arr t respiratoire, pratiquer la respirationartificielle. Obtenir des soins m dicauximm diatement. En cas d ingestion, contacter leCentre de Contr le des des soins m dicaux imm diatement. Nerien faire avaler une victime inconsciente ou ! CE RECIPIENT ESTDANGEREUX LORSQU IL EST INDICATION DE DANGERSUR LES TIQUETTES DOIVENT TRE OBSERV AC TONEBIGSEE MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET FOR THIS PRODUCTVOIR LA FICHE SIGNAL TIQUE POUR CE PRODUITWHMIS: The Basics- 17 -Workplace LabelsWorkplace labels are required on containers of controlled products produced on site, and on secondary containers where the product has been transferred from the original container. Workplace label s a re appl ied to :Secondary containersContainers of products received in bulkEmployer-produced productsContainers with missing or illegible supplier labelsThe format for workplace labels is flexible and may be in the language of choice in the workplace. WORKPLACE LABEL Contains the following: Product name Safe handling procedures Reference to the MSDSWORKPLACE LABEL EXAMPLEACETONE Flammable - Keep away from heat, sparks, and flames - Wear butyl rubber gloves and safety goggles - Use with local exhaust ventillationMaterial Safety Data Sheet AvailableWHMIS: The Basics- 18 -Other Means of IdentificationOther means of identification may be used in the following circumstances. Warning signs Colour/number coding systems Symbols For identifying: piping systems, reaction vessels, tank cars, conveyor belts carrying a controlled product products not in a container hazardous waste produced in the workplaceWHMIS: The Basics- 19 -MSDS InformationA Material Safety Data Sheet is a technical bulletin that provides specific hazard information, safe handling information, and emergency procedures for a controlled product. Since the MSDS contains detailed health and safety information specific to each controlled product, it should be used as a key source of information for developing training programs and safe work procedures. It is also a valuable reference source of health and safety information for workers, health and safety committees, and emergency service MSDS must be made available and accessible to employers use an electronic database to store MSDSs. In this case, it is essential that workers are trained in accessing such a database to retrieve an MSDS. Employers may wish to consider having a printed copy of each MSDS available for workers, in case electronic files are not accessible ( , the system is down).Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)USES OF MSDS Provides detailed information on the hazards of a controlled product An important element for developing safe work procedures and control measures A key element of worker education and trainingWHMIS: The Basics- 20 -RULES FOR COMPLETING MSDS Must not be more than 3 years old 9 recommended sections 54 items of information Specific hazardous ingredients must be disclosed (No trade secrets proprietary allowed unless a claim has been registered) Any abreviations used must be defined Information must be specific No blanks No contradictory informationNo Standard Format under WHMISThe Controlled Products Regulations list 54 items of information in 9 recommended sections on an MSDS, but does not require a standard format. MSDSs may be in different formats, and sections can be arranged in a different SAFETY DATA SHEET(MSDS) A technical document providing information on a controlled product, for example: hazardous ingredients hazards (fire, explosion, reactivity) health effects of exposure (acute and chronic) hazard evaluation related to storage and handling measures to protect workers emergency procedures Must be current (no more than 3 years old), complete, and readily available to workers WHMIS: The Basics- 21 -Product IdentifierWHMIS Classification (optional )Product UseManufacturer s NameSupplier s NameStreet AddressStreet AddressCityProvinceCityProvincePostal CodeEmergency TelephonePostal CodeEmergency Telephone9-Section MSDS Sample FormatThe following are the nine recommended section headings and the 54 items of information to be provided in those nine sections of the 1 Product InformationThis section identifies the product, the manufacturer, and the supplier; and it describes the intended product use. It also provides information about where to contact the manufacturer and supplier for information and/or in case of 2 Hazardous IngredientsThis section lists the specific chemical names, percentages, and acute toxicity data for the individual Ingredients%CAS NumberLD50 of IngredientLC50 of Ingredient(specific)(specify species and route)(specify species)WHMIS: The Basics- 22 -FlammabilityIf yes, under which conditions? Ye s NoMeans of ExtinctionFlashpoint ( C) and MethodUpper Flammable Limit (% by volume)Lower Flammable Limit (% by volume)Autoignition Temperature ( C)Explosion Data Sensitivity to ImpactExplosion Data Sensitivity to Static DischargeHazardous Combustion ProductsSECTION 4 Fire and Explosion DataThis section lists the conditions under which the product may catch fire or explode, as well as information for developing strategies and procedures to deal with fire and explosion 3 Physical DataThis section contains general information on physical and chemical properties such as the specific gravity, boiling point, and evaporation StateOdour and AppearanceOdour Threshold (ppm)Specific GravityVapour Density (air = 1)Vapour Pressure (mmHg)Evaporation RateBoiling Point ( C)Freezing Point ( C)pHCoefficient of Water/Oil DistributionWHMIS: The Basics- 23 -Chemical StabilityIf no, under which conditions? Ye s NoIncompatibility with Other SubstancesIf yes, which ones? Ye s NoReactivity, and Under What Conditions?Hazardous Decomposition ProductsSECTION 5 Reactivity DataThis section lists conditions and other substances that should be avoided to prevent dangerous 6 Toxicological PropertiesThis section identifies how the substance enters the body and the possible health effects from single or repeated exposures. It also identifies if the product has known long-term health effects such as liver or kidney damage, sensitization, cancer, or reproductive of Entry Skin Contact Skin Absorption Eye Contact Inhalation IngestionEffects of Acute Exposure to ProductEffects of Chronic Exposure to ProductExposure Limits (value, source, date)Irritancy (if yes, explain) Ye s NoSensitization (if yes, explain)Carcinogenicity (if yes, explain) Ye s No Ye s NoReproductive Toxicity (if yes, explain)Teratogenicity (if yes, explain) Ye s No Ye s NoMutagenicity (if yes, explain)Synergistic Products (if yes, explain) Ye s No Ye s NoWHMIS: The Basics- 24 -Personal Protective Equipment Gloves Respirator Eye Footwear Clothing OtherIf checked, specify typeEngineering Controls (specify, such as ventilation, enclosed process)Leak and Spill ProcedureWaste DisposalHandling Procedures and EquipmentStorage RequirementsSpecial Shipping InformationPINInhalationIngestionSkin ContactEye ContactSECTION 7 Preventive MeasuresThis section includes information on required protective equipment, as well as on how to safely clean up spills and how to safely use, handle, store, dispose of, and transport the 8 First Aid MeasuresThis section lists specific instructions for the immediate treatment of a worker who has inhaled or swallowed the product or who has had skin or eye contact with the 9 Preparation InformationThis section lists the date the MSDS was prepared and who prepared by (group, department, etc.)Telephone NumberPreparation DateWHMIS: The Basics- 25 -Trade SecretsSuppliers and employers may apply to the Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission to withhold certain types of BUSINESS INFORMATION Suppliers and employers may apply for trade secret protection to: Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission Approved claim is valid for 3 years Protected trade information is only released to medical personnel in case of a medical emergency for treatment Health hazard information must be disclosed on MSDSWHMIS: The Basics- 26 -WHMIS ImplementationWHMIS ProgramThe WHMIS program will be specific to the workplace, but the major elements of the program will be similar to the checklist shown health and safety committee or representative must be involved in the program development, implementation, and employer must use WHIMS information (MSDS, label) and other workplace knowledge to develop written safe work procedures and emergency workers must be educated about the hazards and trained in safe work PROGRAM Assign responsibility Establish inventory of controlled products Meet MSDS/label requirements Determine hazards of controlled products Establish workplace controls Establish emergency procedures Provide worker education and training Evaluate WHMIS programWHMIS: The Basics- 27 -Education and TrainingEmployers are responsible for educating workers about WHMIS and training workers in safe work NEEDS WHMISEDUCATION AND TRAINING? Workers who work with controlled products Workers who work in proximity to controlled products, including: management supervisors, and first aid/emergency personnelWORKER EDUCATIONAn employer must ensure workers receive general WHMIS education on Hazards of controlled products in use at the workplace Rights and responsibilities Content required on labels and MSDS, and the significance of this information Elements of the WHMIS programWHMIS: The Basics- 28 -EDUCATION AND TRAINING ASSESSMENT Is the trainee able to answer these questions? What are the hazards of the product? How do I protect myself? What should I do in case of an emergency? Where do I obtain more information?WORKER TRAININGAn employer must ensure instruction in specific procedures for the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of a controlled product to follow in case of an escape of a controlled product to follow in an emergency involving a controlled product safe use, storage, handling and disposal of a controlled product in transit, , in a pipeWorkers who are successfully educated and trained in WHMIS should be able to answer these four : The Basics- 30 -Classification ExerciseMatch the hazard symbol to the Hazard Class ExerciseHazard Symbol Hazards1A Caustics or acids that can destroy skin or eat Capable of catching fire or exploding in the presence of an ignition Can undergo dangerous reactions with heat, pressure, impact, or contact with Provide oxygen that can increase the risk of Contain harmful Can cause death of a person exposed to small Can cause immediate skin or eye irritation or long-term health Can explode if exposed to heat or : The Basics- 31 -Label Exercise1) What is the purpose of a WHMIS label?__________________________________ ________________________________________ __________________2) What are the two types of WHMIS labels?_________________________________ ________________________________________ ___________________3) Identify the seven types of information on a supplier label from your workplace. a) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ b) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ c) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ d)______________________________________ ________________________________________ _________ e) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ f) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ g) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______4) Identify the three types of information on this workplace Extremely flammable. Keep away from sparks, heat, and open flame. Use local exhaust ventilation or NIOSH-approved organic vapour respirator. Wear neoprene gloves and chemical splash the : The Basics- 32 -5) Name two situations where other means of identification can be used. a) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ b) ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _______ WHMIS: The Basics- 33 -MSDS Exercise1) Where are the MSDSs kept in your workplace?______________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ __________________________________2) How often must an MSDS be updated?________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________3) How many items of information are required on an MSDS?___________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ _____________________________4) Define acute and chronic ) Using an MSDS for a product in your workplace: review the hazards of the product, the safe handling procedures, personal protective equipment, storage and shipping requirements for the KeysWHMIS: The Basics- 36 -Match the hazard symbol to the Hazard Class ExerciseHazard Symbol Hazards Answer1A Caustics or acids that can destroy skin or eat Capable of catching fire or exploding in the presence of an ignition Can undergo dangerous reactions with heat, pressure, impact, or contact with Provide oxygen that can increase the risk of Contain harmful Can cause death of a person exposed to small Can cause immediate skin or eye irritation or long-term health Can explode if exposed to heat or Exercise AnswersWHMIS: The Basics- 37 -Label Exercise Answers1) What is the purpose of a WHMIS label? Answer: To alert workers to the hazards of controlled products and the safe work procedures, and to direct workers to the second part of the WHMIS information system, the Material Safety Data ) What are the two types of WHMIS labels? Answer: Supplier label and workplace ) Identify the seven types of information on a supplier label from your workplace. Answers: a) Product identifier, b) supplier identifier, c) reference to the MSDS, d) hazard symbols, e) risk phrases, f) precautionary measures, and g) first aid ) Identify the three types of information on this workplace Extremely flammable. Keep away from sparks, heat, and open flame. Use local exhaust ventilation or NIOSH-approved organic vapour respirator. Wear neoprene gloves and chemical splash the MSDS. Answers: Product identifier, safe handling information, reference to Material Safety Data ) Name two situations where other means of identification can be used. Answer: Two of:a) Locations where workplace hazardous waste produced in the workplace are storedb) Controlled product transfer systems such as pipes or conveyor beltsc) The contents of reaction or process vesselsd) To identify the contents of portable containers that are filled directly from a labelled container and will be under the control of the worker who transferred the product to the new container for use on the same shifte) Decanted products in labsf) Products not in containersg) Products intended for exportWHMIS: The Basics- 38 -MSDS Exercise Answers1) Where are the MSDSs kept in your workplace? Answer: Identify location. Note that the location must provide easy access to MSDSs at all times. 2) How often must an MSDS be updated? Answer: Every three years or as soon as new information on the product is available. 3) How many items of information are required on an MSDS? Answer: 54. 4) Define acute and chronic exposure? Answer: Acute exposure refers to the effects of immediate exposure to a product. Chronic exposure refers to effects of exposure over a long period of time. 5) Using an MSDS for a product in your workplace: review the hazards of the product, the safe handling procedures, personal protective equipment, storage and shipping requirements for the product. Answer: Discuss an MSDS from the workplace. WHMIS: The Basics- 39 -AppendixInformation Items on a Supplier LabelIf you wish to determine if all components of a lable are present, use the following template. A similar template for checking MSDSs is available in the WorkSafeBC publication WHMIS at Work, which can be found at itemDescription1Product identifierOften the chemical name of a product or the trade name, common name, code name, or code symbol(s)One or more of the eight WHMIS symbols indicating the hazard class(es) of the controlled phrasesPhrases that alert workers to the specific hazard(s) of the product. There should be at least one risk phrase for each hazard statementsStatements that describe essential precautions workers should take when handling (using, storing, and disposing of) the aid measuresStatements that describe immediate first aid measures identificationThe name of the supplier (preferably with the address and telephone number).7Reference to MSDSA statement indicating that an MSDS is Trethewey Street V2T 3R1Phone 604 276-31001 800 292-2219Fax 604 556-2077Burnaby450 6450 Roberts Street V5G 4E1Phone 604 276-31001 888 621-7233Fax 604 232-5950Coquitlam104 3020 Lincoln Avenue V3B 6B4Phone 604 276-31001 888 967-5377Fax 604 232-1946Courtenay801 30th Street V9N 8G6Phone 250 334-87651 800 663-7921Fax 250 334-8757Kamloops321 Battle Street V2C 6P1Phone 250 371-60031 800 663-3935Fax 250 371-6031Kelowna110 2045 Enterprise Way V1Y 9T5Phone 250 717-43131 888 922-4466Fax 250 717-4380Nanaimo4980 Wills Road V9T 6C6Phone 250 751-80401 800 663-7382Fax 250 751-8046Nelson524 Kootenay Street V1L 6B4Phone 250 352-28241 800 663-4962Fax 250 352-1816North Vancouver400 224 Esplanade W. V7M 1A4Phone 604 276-31001 888 875-6999Fax 604 232-1558Prince George1066 Vancouver Street V2L 5M4Phone 250 561-37001 800 663-6623Fax 250 561-3710Surrey100 5500 152 Street V3S 5J9Phone 604 276-31001 888 621-7233Fax 604 232-7077Ter race4450 Lakelse Avenue V8G 1P2Phone 250 615-66051 800 663-3871Fax 250 615-6633Victoria4514 Chatterton Way V8X 5H2Phone 250 881-34181 800 663-7593Fax 250 881-3482Head Office / Richmond Prevention Information Line: Phone 604 276-31001 888 621-7233 (621-SAFE)Administration:6951 Westminster HighwayPhone 604 273-2266Mailing Address:PO Box 5350 Stn TerminalVancouver BC V6B 5L5After Hours Health & Safety Emergency604 273-77111 866 922-4357 (WCB-HELP)WorkSafeBC officesVisit our web site at in Canada09/05BK61

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