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TOILET HEIGHTS FOR CHILDREN

TOILET HEIGHTS FOR CHILDREN by Roy E. Swain, P.E. I spoke with Jim Pecht of the U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board in

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TOILET HEIGHTS FOR CHILDREN by Roy E. Swain, I spoke with Jim Pecht of the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board in March 1996 regarding ADA toilet heights for children. He said that toilets in elementary school classrooms do not have to be 17 to 19 inches high. Under the ADA's "Equivalent Facilitation" paragraph (No. ), the specific requirements of the act can be bypassed if the alternative design provides "substantially equivalent or greater access". In his opinion (and mine), putting 18 inch high toilets in a first grade classroom results in worse access, not better. There are federal standards for children's environments which were recommended in October 1995, but have not yet been approved. However, they can be applied now through the "Equivalent Facilitation" method, and they have been adopted in Massachusetts. The intended heights to the top of the toilet seats are shown in the following table. Our recommendations for fixture heights are shown below. Our normal design practice is to use wall-hung toilets and to note on the plans "Toilet Height by Architect". Grade Draft/Final Federal Standards K & L Recommendations Regular ADA Pre-kindergarten 11-1/2 to 12-1/2 inches 12 inches 12 inches ("baby toilet")1 K - 3 12 to 15 inches 15 inches 15 inches (lowest wall-hung) 4 - 6 15 to 17 inches 15 inches 15 inches (lowest wall-hung) 7-12 15 to 17 inches 15 inches 17 inches ("universal" height) Adult 17 to 19 inches 15 inches 17 inches Elderly --- 15 inches 15 inches2 1Requires confirmation for Architect, since we sometimes receive objections to these low toilets. To achieve the 12" height, a 2" lift seat is applied to the 10" high toilet. 2Start with this, then can adjust to 16 or 17 inches on an individual basis by applying a 2 inch or 3 inch lift seat to a 14 inches high toilet. Kohler and Lewis, Mechanical EngineersKohler and Lewis, Mechanical Engineers

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