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Service Letter SL2014-587/JAP - Tribocare

Service Letter SL2014-587/JAP Cylinder Lubrication Update. Page 2 of 11 pages Contents Introduction ...

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Text of Service Letter SL2014-587/JAP - Tribocare

Action code: WHEN CONVENIENTHead office (& postal address)MAN Diesel & TurboTeglholmsgade 412450 Copenhagen SVDenmarkPhone: +45 33 85 11 00Fax: +45 33 85 10 412450 Copenhagen SVDenmarkPhone: +45 33 85 11 00Fax: +45 33 85 10 352450 Copenhagen SVDenmarkPhone: +45 33 85 11 00Fax: +45 33 85 10 & ReceivingTeglholmsgade 35 2450 Copenhagen SVDenmarkPhone: +45 33 85 11 00Fax: +45 33 85 10 Diesel & TurboBranch of MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, GermanyCVR No.: 31611792Head office: Teglholmsgade 412450 Copenhagen SV, DenmarkGerman : HRB 22056Amtsgericht AugsburgService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update Adjusting the ACC factor in serviceReplaces SL2013-571S L 2 014 - 5 87/J A PMarch 2014ConcernsAll ME/ME-C/ME-B/MC/MC-C and ME-GI engines with electronically controlled cylinder oil lubrication recommen-dation. Guiding ACC values for all en-gines: ACC100 (BN 100). Range g/kWh x S% minimum for mechanical lubrication are found in SL2000-385 and SirsRecent service experience has called for an update of our guidelines on cylinder lubrication of MAN B&W low speed engines. We have seen a greater challenge for lubrication in certain applications of our newer engine delivery from the yard, the basic cylinder lube oil recommenda-tion for Mk engines and newer is therefore to use BN 100 cylinder oils and maintain a feed rate ACC100 factor of g/kWh x S% until the actual feed rate ACC factor can be evaluated by conducting a feed rate sweep. Engines in service may also benefit from the use of BN 100 oils be-cause the feed rate ACC factor can be reduced thanks to the high alka-linity of BN 100 engines where the feed rate ACC factor has already been estab-lished and confirmed, new cylinder oils with a different BN level can be used to change the feed rate ACC factor by multiplying the present feed rate ACC factor by the fraction of the BN in the present and the new cylinder oil. Afterwards, the new setting has to be confirmed, either by a feed rate sweep and/or a conventional drip oil individual feed rate ACC factor must be evaluated for each engine using drip oil analysis and frequent scavenge port inspections. There are many options for this evaluation, but common to them all is the fact that they cannot stand alone. Feed rate sweeps have to be followed by monthly drip oil sampling and/or scavenge port inspections, in order to assure that the engine is performing as faithfullyStig B JakobsenSenior Manager OperationMikael C Jensen Vice President EngineeringService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 2 of 11 pages ContentsIntroduction ........................................ ..................................2Cylin der lubrication ........................................ ......................2Mid-range cylinder oil ........................................ ..................2Optimising the ACC factor ........................................ ............2Drain oil analysis ........................................ ..........................3Cylinder oils with different BN levels .....................................4Lo w-sulphur HFO and distillates ........................................ ...4Slow values ........................................ .............................4Running-in operation ........................................ ...................5Breaking-in (0-500 rh) ........................................ .................5Familiarization of the ACC factor ........................................ ..5Guidelines ........................................ ....................................6Int roductionLately, MAN Diesel & Turbo has concentrated on further enhancing the fuel efficiency while at the same time fulfill-ing Tier I and Tier II. In order to improve the specific fuel oil consumption, the pressure in the combustion chamber has been increased on the newest engine designs. This pres-sure increase, together with the increased operating time at part load, has led to increased water and acid condensa-tion on the cylinder walls, which leads to cold corrosion in the combustion the most recently developed part-load and low-load tuning options utilise increased combustion chamber pres-sure as the main tool to ensure a low SFOC (Specific Fuel Oil Consumption) at part load, and the same result may be cylinder oil feed rates and ACC (Adaptable Cyl-inder oil Control) feed rate factor values must be obtained on the basis of service inspections, measurements and wear data from combustion chamber parts (piston rings, liner, and crown), and supplemented with scavenge drain oil lubricationCylinder oil is essential for the two-stroke engine. Today s cylinder oils are made with a complex chemistry, and the individual feed rate must therefore be assessed for each oil brand, viscosity class and BN cylinder oil is blended to achieve the necessary level of detergency and dispersancy to keep the piston rings and crown clean, and the necessary base number (BN) to neu-tralise the acids formed during cylinder oil not only serves to lubricate the moving parts, but is also designed to control the degree of corro-sion on the liner is illustrated by our feed rate guide, which sets the minimum feed rate to the level needed to keep the parts moving within a safe margin. However, so as to ensure the necessary lubrication effect, an increased formation of acid would call for a higher BN level than specified at the minimum feed rate. This is compensated for by calculating a feed rate on the basis of an ACC factor within the guide shown in Fig. Diesel & Turbo recommends using cylinder lube oils characterised primarily by its BN number and SAE viscosity and to use a feed rate according to the BN in the cylinder oil and sulphur content of the fuel. MAN Diesel & Turbo is aware that some engines may be operated satisfactorily at even lower feed rates. Hence, feed rates are, just as before, based on practical experience rather than pre-calculated above mirrors the importance of the fact that the crew should challenge the cylinder oil feed rate ACC factor, so as to find the correct ACC value that suits the actual engine configuration and engine cylinder oilIn order to simplify the lubrication process onboard the ships, as well the logistics of supply, the oil companies started the process of developing a cylinder lube oil that can lubricate the cylinders regardless of the sulphur con-tent in the fuel. Such oils have BN levels that are lower than the tradi-tional BN 70 cylinder lube oils. Such oils can very well be used on earlier-type MAN B&W engines that are not affected by cold corrosion, but are not applicable on newer engine designs with higher levels of cold corrosion. These oils can however be used as low BN oils for heavy fuel on all engine the ACC factorThe best way to establish the optimum ACC factor is to measure the engine wear. If the wear rate of the liner and piston rings is too high the ACC factor must be increased to reduce the recommend to start out with an ACC factor in the upper end of the range, and then slowly adjust it when the engine wear response has been confirmed by more information on condition-based monitoring, we refer to our service letter Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 3 of 11 pages However, the ACC factor can only be assessed when the fuel sulphur level has been high enough to ensure that the lubrication has been in the ACC active area (the blue area marked in Fig. 1), at lower fuel sulphur levels the engine is excessively protected against corrosion because of the ac-tive minimum feed rate. 00. 20. 40. 60. 21. 4g/kWh00. sulphur %ACC active area0. 400. 20 Minimum feed rateFig. 1a: BN 100 ACC range Mk and newerFig. 1b: BN 70 ACC range Mk 7 and older The acceptable wear rates must be in line with our recom-mendations on overhaul intervals and expected lifetime of the components, see SL2009-509. Liner wear rates are normally below mm/1,000 running hours (rh). High ovality in the liner wear could be a sign of corrosive wear. As the liner surface temperature is not necessarily uniform, more corrosion will occur in the colder piston ring wear must also be kept under observation, and it must be assured that the controlled leakage (CL) groove on the piston rings is not worn below the accept-able minimum and that the POP-ring groove does not ex-ceed its maximum allowable wear, see Encl. 3. For more information on CPR-POP rings, see oil analysisUsed oil taken from the engine through the scavenge bot-tom drain can be used for cylinder condition oil analysis is also a strong tool for judging the engine wear condition. Drain oil samples taken in active ACC op-eration will show if the oil feed rate can be optimised while keeping the BN above 10-25 mg KOH/g and the iron (Fe) content below 200 mg/kg in the drain oil (Table 1 & Fig. 2).It is important to note that elevated iron values may be ex-perienced as the piston ring running-in coating gradually wears sets exist, but it is important to get a valid test result that shows the total content of iron (Fe). Laboratory testing according to ASTM D5185-09 is the only certain measuring method. The BN must be tested in accordance with ISO 3771:2011(E). A cylinder oil can be degraded to a certain level where the corrosion level begins to increase. The level of depletion is different among oil brands and engines, and an individual evaluation of each engine is therefore recommended. Scavenge Drain Oil Guiding ValuesBNgreater than 10-25 mg KOH/gIron [Fe]less than 200 mg/kgTable 1: Drain oil valuesFig. 2: Drain oil BN vs. iron (Fe)One possibility is to perform a stress test called feed rate sweep . This will shorten the ACC familiarization period considerably. The sweep test is based on a 4 to 6-day test at steady load and, preferably, running on fuel in the high-sulphur range of sulphur content. The feed rate is adjusted to set values, , , , and g/kWh. 5004003002001000010203040506070BN [mgKOH/g]Danger Do not operate in this areaAlert area Adjustment of feed rate may be neededSafe areaCat finesLiner polishIron (Fe) total [mg/kg]00. 20. 40. 60. 21. 4g/kWh00. sulphur %ACC active area0. 34 0. 20 Minimum feed rateService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 4 of 11 pages We therefore recommend switching to a low-BN cylinder oil at the same time as switching to a low-sulphur heavy fuel. Continuous running on high-BN cylinder oils can only be recommended in special cases, and not for more than 1 to 2 weeks, see Table BNDistillate and LNG < = 40Low-sulphur residual fuel ( sulphur)40-60High-sulphur residual fuel ( sulphur) 70-100Table 2: Cylinder oil guideAlso when switching to distillate fuels (MGO/MDO), we rec-ommend switching to a low-BN cylinder oil at the same time as the switching of the fuel. We do not recommend the use of a high-BN cylinder oil when running on distillate steamingWhen the vessel is slow steaming, the engine is oper-ated at low load, and the liner surface will become cooler and, therefore, increase the risk of corrosion. Waste heat recovery and various part-load optimisation possibilities, TC cut-out, variable turbine area (VTA) turbocharger, and exhaust gas bypass (EGB), ECO cam, may call for a re-assessment of the ACC factor to accomodate the new corrosion is important to note that low-load operation (slow steam-ing) is not the only reason for increased cold corrosion po-tential. Optimisation methods on new engines or retrofitting on older engines increase the cold corrosion potential also at normal values Guiding values Mk and newerBase number (BN) 100SAE50Guiding minimum feed g/kWhACC BN100 g/kWh x S%Guiding values Mk 7 and olderBase number (BN) 70-100SAE50Guiding minimum feed g/kWhACC BN70 g/kWh x S%Table 3: Guiding valuesEach feed rate must be applied for 24 hours before taking a sample and switching to the next feed rate (Fig. 3). A de-tailed feed rate sweep protocol is enclosed (Encl. 6).BN [mg KOH/g]BN [mg KOH/g] Optimal ACC 0,100,150,200,250,300,350,400,450,500,55 ACC Factor [g/kWh x S%]0100200300400500600700Fe [mg/kg]05101520253035404550Fe [mg/kg]Fig. 3: Feed rate sweepDuring the sweep test period the engine operation must be kept as consistent as possible to avoid interference from load up and fuel oils with different BN levelsThe various oil suppliers offer cylinder oils with a broad range of BN levels. Our MAN B&W engine design is based on the 70 BN oil traditionally used, however, as new oil products have been introduced, BN levels have changed, and today s design standard is the new 100 BN switching to a different BN level, we recommend to start out with scaling the ACC factor from 70 to the new BN level by multiplying the ACC factor with the fraction of 70 BN :Using a BN 85 and ACC (BN 70) = (BN 85) = 70/85 = (see Table 10 in Encl. 5)When changing to a new oil brand or type, the ACC factor may need to be reassessed as described above, starting with an ACC factor in the upper range. After this, a gradual reduction can be carried out based on actual observed conditions or the sweep HFO and distillatesWhen running on low-sulphur residual fuel (HFO), the feed rate will be set at the minimum feed rate. High-BN cylinder oils will lead to over-additivation in the aspect of controlling the corrosion as well as lead to increased build-up of piston crown Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 5 of 11 pages Running-in operationMAN B&W two-stroke engines require extra attention and lubrication during their first running first 500 running hours are the most demanding. This is the period where the liners are run in, which is also re-ferred to as the breaking-in purpose of the breaking-in period is to flush away wear particles and facilitate running-in of the liner surface and breaking-in period is followed by a familiarization pe-riod, where the crew must asses the engine wear and cyl-inder condition to select the right ACC factor for the engine application. Breaking-in (0-500 rh)Cylinder liner and piston ring breaking-in takes 500 running hours maximum (see Fig. 5, Encl. 2).During this breaking-in period, the running-in coating on the piston rings will gradually wear off, and the wave cut shape on the cylinder liner surface will smoothen. During this process, extra lubrication oil is required to flush away wear particles and assure a satisfactory oil film between the relatively rough sliding breaking-in, we recommend checking piston rings and cylinder liners through scavenge air port inspections for every 100 hours. Do not proceed to the next lubrication step if the scavenge air port inspection reveals seizures or other feed rate during breaking-in must not be set lower than the fuel sulphur content depending feed rate (fuel sulphur x feed rate ACC factor). The highest feed rate of the two must be g / k W h5-100 g / k W h100-200 g / k W h200-300 g / k W h *300-400 g/kWh*400-500 g/kWh** Only if the ACC dependent (fuel sulphur x ACC factor) feed rate is lower than the step, if not then the ACC dependent feed rates are to be 4: Breaking-inFamiliarization of the ACC factorAfter the breaking-in period, the engine ACC factor should be assessed over a period of steps of 600 hours (see Fig. 6, Encl. 2). To be able to asses the engine wear, the steps must be completed with a fuel sulphur content that is high enough to assure that the cylinder oil feed rate is in the ACC active range. This means that the feed rate must be above the minimum moving to the next step, the cylinder condition and wear must be assessed through a scavenge port feed rate ACC factor should not be reduced unless the cylinder condition permits some cases, this familiarization period extends substan-tially. However, the period can be substantially shortened by means of scavenge drain analyses, where the laboratory results will show the remaining BN and Fe (iron) content. If the samples taken during the ACC active feed rates repeat-edly show high BN and acceptable Fe levels, the ACC fac-tor can be lowered. After the feed rate ACC factor has been adjusted according to the sweep, the drain oil must to be monitored to verify the ACC setting or make possible the ACC factor has been confirmed and the wear is under control, the best choice of cylinder oil can be made. In special cases where the ACC factor is reasonably low, and/or the fuel sulphur level usually experienced is low, the best choice of cylinder oil could be a grade with a lower BN, depending on feed rate and direct any inquiries and questions regarding tables or condition-based overhaul to our Operation Department at or to our Service Department at Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 6 of 11 pages Encl. 1 of 6Guiding cylinder oil feed ratesAll ME/ME-C/ME-B/ME/MC/MC-C and ME-GI enginesWith electronically controlled lubrication systemMk and newerStandard BN 100Mk 7 and olderStandard BN 70-100Viscosity rangeSAE 50SAE 50ACC g/kWh x S% g/kWh x S%Guiding minimum feed g/kWhMaximum feed rate during g / k W g / k W hPart-load controlProportional with load. At lower loads control is automatically changed to proportional with from power to rpm-dependent lubrication to be set to 25% new or reconditioned liners and new piston ringsFeed rate:First 5 hours: g/kWhFrom 5 to 500 hours: Stepwise reduction from - g/kWh or ACC factor x fuel sulphur (using the highest feed rate)Engine load:Test bed: Stepwise increase to max. load over 5 hoursIn service: 50% to max. load in 16 hoursFamiliarizingACC FactorStarting at g/kWh x S%(Fig. 6a)Starting at g/kWh x S%(Fig. 6b)Reducing in steps of g/kWh x S% after min. 600 hours where the feed rate has been sul-phur dependent (above min. feed rate) or using feed rate sweep or continuous drain oil the engine is retrofitted with means to improve part or low-load fuel consumption, the ACC factor must be new rings in already run-in and well running linersFrom 50% to max. load in 5 hoursFeed rate g/kWh for 24 hours. If the fuel sulphur and applied ACC factor combination results in a specific feed rate higher than g/kWh (use the calculation feed rate), no extra lubrication is needed. Manoeuvring and load change situationsDuring starting, manoeuvring and load changes, increase feed rate by means of the LCD by 25% of the actual figure and kept at this level for hour after the load has of cylinders that show abnormal conditionsFrequent scavenge port inspections of piston rings and cylinder liners are very important for maintaining a safe cylinder condition. If irregularities are observed, adjustments of the lube oil feed rate should be case of scuffing, sticking piston rings or high liner temperature fluctuations, raise the feed rate to g/kWh and lower the pmax and mep. As soon as the situation has been stabilised, set the lubrication feed rate and pressures back to case of high corrosive wear, the ACC factor is to be increased to the highest ACC factor ( g/kWh x S% for BN 100)) and be reduced in steps of only g/kWh x S% when the wear has been confirmed as 5: Guiding cylinder oil feed ratesService Letter SL2014-5xx/JAP Cylinder Lubrication Update. Page 7 of 10 pagesFig. 5: Breaking-in schedulehours Initial running-in dosage ,000Breaking-in period with fixed lubrication* Scavenge port inspectionChange to ACCFixed running-in dosage (g/kWh)Fixed running-in dosage (g/kWh), or ACC feed rate (g/kWh)The highest of the two to be used ******Encl. 2 of 6Breaking-in New LinersService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 8 of 11 pages New ACC Running-in Schedule (liner and rings) ,0002,0003,0004,000ACC feed rate factor (g/kWh/S%)hoursACC control (g/kWh/S%)Feed rate sweepACC factor based upon the feed rate sweep* Reduction based upon observation ACC familiarisation schedule **** ,0002,0003,0004,000ACC feed rate factor (g/kWh/S%)hoursACC control (g/kWh/S%)Feed rate sweepACC factor based upon the feed rate sweep* Reduction based upon observation ACC familiarisation schedule ****Fig. 6a: ACC familiarisation schedule for Mk and newerFig. 6b: ACC familiarisation schedule for Mk 7 and olderEncl. 2 of 6Service Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 9 of 11 pages Engine boreCL-groove new depthMinimum depth 26 mm30 cm--35 mm40 mm42 mm45 cm--46 mm50 mm m m60 mm mm65 mm mm 70 mm80 mm mm90 cm(Cermet mm) mm98 cm(Cermet mm) mmTable 7: CPR-CL top ring wearBore size [cm]Max. radial ring wear [mm]Max. width of leakage groove (use feeler gauge) [mm]26 035 440 442 445 446 450 cm39Table 6: CPR-POP top ring wearEncl. 3 of 6Guiding Wear Rate ValuesService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 10 of 11 pages Encl. 4 of 6 ACC settings for lubricating oils for MC/MC-C enginesAlpha Lube ACCHigh BN Cylinder OilACC factor g/kWh S%g/kWhHMI content % 8: Feed rate ACC factorService Letter SL2014-587/JAPCylinder Lubrication Update. Page 11 of 11 pages Encl. 5 of 6Specific feed rate in relation to fuel sulphur % and feed rate factorBasic Feed RateFeed rate ACC factorFuel Sulphur % 9: Feed rate ACC factorCorrelation between feed rate ACC factors and cylinder oil BNCylinder oil BNFeed rate ACC 10: Feed rate ACC factor and cylinder oil BN MAN Diesel & Turbo HEAD OFFICE (& postal address) MAN Diesel & Turbo Teglholmsgade 41 2450 Copenhagen SV Denmark Phone: +45 33 85 11 00 Fax: +45 33 85 10 30 PrimeServ Teglholmsgade 41 2450 Copenhagen SV Denmark Phone: +45 33 85 11 00 Fax: +45 33 85 10 49 PRODUCTION Teglholmsgade 35 2450 Copenhagen SV Denmark Phone: +45 33 85 11 00 Fax: +45 33 85 10 17 FORWARDING & RECEIVING Teglholmsgade 35 2450 Copenhagen SV Denmark Phone: +45 33 85 11 00 Fax: +45 33 85 10 16 MAN Diesel & Turbo Branch of MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, Germany CVR No.: 31611792 Head office: Teglholmsgade 41 2450 Copenhagen SV, Denmark German : HRB 22056 Amtsgericht Augsburg MAN Diesel & Turbo a member of the MAN Group To whom it may concern LDF1/ JUSV/ case no: 8002-2014 25 February 2014 Continuous monitoring of drain oil samples is a good way to optimise the cylinder oil feed rate and consumption and to safeguard the engine against excessive wear. The fastest way to evaluate the corrosive behaviour of an engine and optimise the feed rate is to do a stress test, a so-called sweep test. It can also be used in the ACC familiarization period to find the suitable lube oil feed rate for your particular engine, operating pattern and lube oil used. During the sweep test, the vessel should be running on fuel with a sulphur content above The sweep test takes 6 days and should be performed during a longer voyage where the engine load remains constant. The feed rate of the cylinder oil is set to fixed steps and drain oil samples are taken after 24 hours, before lowering to the next step (figure 1). Figure 1. Overview of the sweep test procedure 0,40,60,811,21,41,60 24487296120Feed Rate (g/kWh)time (hours)Sweep TestDrain oil sampleLube oil sampleSweep Test Procedure for MAN B&W Two-Stroke Diesel Engines Finding the Optimal Cylinder Lube Oil Feed Rate Factor MAN Diesel & Turbo - 2 - Samples and analysis methods Before the test starts, a port inspection should be completed, and samples of the fuel, system oil in use and fresh (unused) cylinder oil should be taken. When the test has been completed, all samples should be sent ashore to a certified laboratory. The iron (Fe) content and the BN value should be analysed. The Fe content should be analysed using the ASTM D5185-09 and the BN should be analysed using the ISO 3771:2011(E) method. The Fe concentration will be the measurement of corrosion and wear. The BN in the drain oil is an evaluation of the performance of the oil and the need for neutralization in the engine. When the results are received, the suitable ACC factor/feed rate can be established for the particular engine, fuel, and lube oil and operation pattern. The BN and Fe content of the drain oil can also be measured by various onboard analysis equipments (please refer to CL 118681-2013/LEO and CL 140942-2013/LEO). When measuring Fe with onboard analysis equipment, it is important to choose an instrument which measure total Fe content. Information about onboard analysis equipment will be updated regularly. Onboard equipment gives fast results, however, we recommend sending the samples to a laboratory in order to secure accurate results. MAN Diesel & Turbo - 3 - Test Procedure Read all the instructions carefully before starting the Sweep test. The sweep test is to be made above the lubrication breakpoint. In most cases this breakpoint is at an engine load of 25%. When the lubricator is below the breakpoint, the cylinder feed rate for each cylinder changes from a number to low load on the MOP-screen. A sweep test should not be made when the MOP screen states low load . Before starting the sweep test: Normal running condition Figure 2 shows a MOP-screen under normal running conditions, after the initial running in of the engine, the first 500 hours. The Running In mode should be Off ( ) and the Feed Rate Adjust Factor should be (= 100%). In this mode, the fuel oil sulphur content S% and the Feed Rate Factor gives the Basic Feed Rate which is also shown for each cylinder as the Actual Feed Rate. In this example, the S% was and the Feed Rate Factor was g/kWhS%, which resulted in the Basic Feed Rate of g/kWh (Figure 2). Figure 2. MOP-screen showing settings at normal running conditions. Running-in mode is turned OFF Day 1: Start of sweep test (at least 24 hours after departure) When starting the sweep test, the easiest way to set the desired cylinder oil feed rate is to use the Running In mode. This mode overrules the normal running mode, as shown in Figure 2. However, the minimum feed rate will never be lower than the Min. Feed Rate (here g/kWh), even if the Running In mode is set to a lower value than Min. Feed Rate . For the first 24 hours of the sweep test, the Running In setting should be g/kWh, as shown in Figure 3. MAN Diesel & Turbo - 4 - Figure 3. Day 1 of sweep test. The Running In mode is used and set to g/kWh Be sure that the correct cylinder oil is used, and take reference samples of fresh cylinder oil and fuel. Adjust the feed rate of the cylinder oil to g/kWh as shown in figure 3. Write down the following information in the sweep test protocol: a. Name of ship and type of engine b. Date and time of starting the test. c. Name and brand of the cylinder oil, BN and SAE viscosity number d. Engine load Day 2 Take drain oil samples from all cylinders after running 24 h on a cylinder oil feed rate of g/kWh. Important: Make sure to flush the drain valve into a bucket before taking the sample. Only use clean bottles, and make sure not to mix drain oil form one unit with another. Mark the bottles with the following information: a. Cylinder no. b. Date and time c. The name and BN number of the cylinder oil d. Feed rate of cylinder oil e. Engine load Also, write down the information in the test protocol. After this, the cylinder oil feed rate should be adjusted to g/kWh as shown in Figure 4. MAN Diesel & Turbo - 5 - Figure 4. Day 2 of sweep test. The Running In mode is used and set to g/kWh Day 3 Take drain oil samples from all cylinders after running for 24 h on a cylinder oil feed rate of g/kWh. Sample-procedure same as Day 2. After this, the cylinder oil feed rate should be adjusted to g/kWh Day 4 Take drain oil samples from all cylinders after running for 24 h on a cylinder oil feed rate of g/kWh. Sample-procedure same as Day 2. After this, the cylinder oil feed rate should be adjusted to g/kWh Day 5 Take drain oil samples from all cylinders after running for 24 h on a cylinder oil feed rate of g/kWh. Sample procedure same as Day 2. After this, the cylinder oil feed rate should be adjusted to g/kWh Day 6 Take drain oil samples from all cylinders after running for 24 h on a cylinder oil feed rate of g/kWh. Sample-procedure same as Day 2. When the last drip oil samples have been taken, the Running In setting is set to Off ( ) to run in normal cylinder oil feed rate mode, as shown in Figure 2. When results have come back and been analysed, the suitable Feed Rate Factor can be calculated and used. MAN Diesel & Turbo - 6 - Sweep Test Protocol Fill in the required information. Samples should be sent to a certified laboratory for analysis. Before the test starts, a port inspection should be carried out, and samples of the fuel and system oil in use and fresh (unused) cylinder oil should be taken. Use clean bottles and mark them with the information stated on page 2. Name of Ship:................................... ................. IMO no:..................................... ......... Engine type:............................... Load:.............. Total running hours:.............................. Name of cylinder oil:....................... BN: ........ SAE Viscosity:.............................. .. Sulphur content of fuel:...............% Start date and time:....................... End date and time:............................... Please fill in the Running Hours for the following Cylinder 1 2 3 45678910 11 12Cylinder liners Piston crowns Piston rings Fuel valves Cylinder oil Day 1 Day 2Day 3Day 4Day 5 Day 6Feed rate (g/kWh) Back to normal Please fill in this table when taking the samples Cylinder 1 2 345678910 11 12Day 2 Date Feed rate Engine load Deck temp C Humidity % Day 3 Date Feed rate Engine load Deck temp C Humidity % Day 4 Date Feed rate Engine load Deck temp C Humidity % Day 5 Date Feed rate Engine load Deck temp C Humidity % Day 6 Date Feed rate Engine load Deck temp C Humidity % MAN Diesel & Turbo - 7 - How to Evaluate a Sweep Test The aim of the test is to show the correlation between the engine s corrosive impact and the lube oil s ability to counteract this. When the results from the sweep test are returned from the laboratory, the data needs to be evaluated. Calculating the actual ACC factor for a sweep test made on a load above the lubricator part-load breakpoint During the sweep test, the feed rate was set to fixed steps. The ACC factor for each step can be calculated by dividing the feed rate step with the sulphur % of the fuel (Eq. 1). % % ( ) Example 1 Sulphur content of the fuel is %. % Feed rate step [g/kWh] Fuel Sulphur [S%] ACC (Calculated)[g/kWh xS%] END of Example 1 The ACC calculated values are used to correlate the Fe and BN values in the samples. In Tables 1 and 2, you can fill in the ACC calculated and the Fe and BN values. Two graphs can then be made where the ACC calculated is the horizontal axis (x-axis) and the Fe values are the vertical axis (y-axis) in graph 1 and BN in graph 2. You can also plot Fe and BN in the same graph. Fe should be the left vertical axis and BN the right (view Figure 2 as an example). Table 1. Write the ACC calculated in the left column and the corresponding Fe value for each cylinder. These values are then used to make a graph in Excel. Cylinder 1 2 3 45678910 11 12ACC calculated Fe values MAN Diesel & Turbo - 8 - Table 2. Write the ACC calculated in the left column and the corresponding BN value for each cylinder. These values are then used to make a graph in excel Cylinder 1 2 3 45678910 11 12ACC calculated BN values Figure 5 illustrates how to evaluate a sweep test. In the normal case, the Fe concentration slowly rises until a point where it will rapidly increase. The acceptable ACC factor is found just before the rapid increase in Fe, in other words, before the Fe concentration reach the red area (Figure 5). The choice of an ACC factor that corresponds to acceptable Fe levels means that the corrosion is controlled. After the ACC factor has been found in accordance with the Fe, the corresponding BN value can be found. It shows the possible level of BN depletion of the oil, which will not jeopardize the performance of the oil. Figure 5. The ACC factor (g/kWhxS%) is shown on the x-axis. The Fe concentration (mg/kg) is depicted with red lines and the result is read on the left y-axis. The axis is divided into three parts. The green bar is showing safe operation condition, 0-200 Fe (mg/kg). When the Fe concentration exceeds 200 mg/kg (the red bar), the wear or corrosion starts to increase a lot, and the lube oil feed rate should also be increased. 0510152025303540455001002003004005006007 000,100,150,200,250,300,350,400,450,500, 55Scavenge drain oilIron [Fe] & BN [mgKOH/g]Fe [mg/kg]BN [mgKOH/g]ACCFactor [g/kWh x S%] MAN Diesel & Turbo - 9 - The rest BN concentration (mg KOH/g) is depicted with blue lines, and the result is read on the right y-axis. The axis is divided in two parts. The red bar (0-10 BN) means that the neutralisation ability of lube oil has started to deplete, and the risk of corrosion is increased. The green bar (10-50 BN) shows safe operation. The thick blue line and the thick red line are the BN and Fe values from a sweep test. In order to find the correct ACC factor, the procedure is as follows: Follow the thick red line and find the Fe concentration for safe operation. In this example it would be 200, because after this the slope of the thick red line increases rapidly. The corresponding ACC factor is found on the x-axis and, in this case, is g/kWhxS%. The rest-BN value, which corresponds to this safe operation, is found by using the BN curve (in this graph, the blue thick line) and read the result of the right x-axis. In this case, the ACC factor corresponds to 22 BN. The dashed lines are examples of what other sweep tests with other lube oils may look like. Please direct any inquiries and questions regarding tables or condition-based overhaul to our Operation Department at or to our Service Department at

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